Youth Empowerment and Development Initiative
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Malaria Photo Essay: The Problem, Prevention and Treatment

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A child dies of malaria every 30 seconds according to global statistics. Most are in Africa. 15 per cent of all malaria cases on the continent occurs in Nigeria with a huge cost in lives, spending and days lost at work or school.  Awareness and health education intervention on knowledge, attitude, and prevention practices amongst young people in at-risk communities have become an essential part of YEDI’s ExxonMobil-funded Grassroot Soccer program. 

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According to the Nigerian National Malaria Strategic Plan 2014-2020, malaria is responsible for 60 percent of outpatient visits to health facilities, 30 percent of childhood deaths, 25 percent of deaths in children under one year, and 11 percent of maternal deaths. During YEDI’s Malaria Testing Tournaments in commemoration of World Malaria Day, priority attention is given to pregnant women, nursing mothers and young people in terms of access to medical attention and distribution of free LLINs.

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A report published in the Nigerian Medical Journal indicates that malaria control can be significantly improved in grassroots communities, if the caregivers are adequately empowered through persistent and appropriate health education intervention though change in attitude and belief. During the 2017 World Malaria Day, YEDI carried out a community-wide awareness program in Mushin area of Lagos with over 1,300 community members present with a slew of activities including malaria drama.

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In western Nigeria, 600 teachers and secondary school students were sampled to assess the perception and management of malaria. Although 89% mentioned mosquitoes as the causative agent, others ascribed it to hot sun, bad weather, cold weather and the rain. Yusuf Haleemat, a JSS1 student at a school in Lagos used to think malaria could be caused by drinking dirty water until YEDI’s Peer Educators carried out a Skillz intervention in the school.

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It has been recognizedthat sport has the power to promote development and peace. It has been proved that the systematic and coherent use of sport can make an important contribution to public health, universal education, gender equality, poverty reduction, prevention of diseases, etc. On April 29, YEDI organized a “Kick Against Malaria” football tournament using the Grassroot Soccer Sport-for-development program, to mobilize raise awareness about Malaria in Mushin, a suburb of Lagos, Nigeria.

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Long-lasting insecticidal Nets (LLINs) are an effective method of malaria control but several studies have shown that school-age children use LLINs less frequently than other population groups. YEDI has developed age-relevant curricula (Basic Skillz and Advanced Skillz), to teach young people how to prevent themselves from malaria, including the importance of using LLIN.

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For Nigeria to be free from Malaria like some other developed countries, experts have advised that we must do what those nations have done – clean environment, better infrastructures and a habit of cleanliness. In 2016, YEDI initiated a Clean-up-to-end-malaria exercise in a community in Lagos.

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According to UNICEF, the Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) have proved to be more efficient than conventional Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) because they do not need re-treatment and have a life span of 3 to 5 years. In commemoration of World Malaria Day 2016, YEDI gave out about 500 LLINs, many thanks to ExxonMobil. It has become an annual event since 2012, with over 300 given in 2017.

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When 230 mothers/care givers were interviewed in a study, results show that though most of them know about LLINs, not many use it regularly and some don’t use it at all, as they don’t appreciate its usefulness. This is evidenced by the fact that many of those not using LLIN have no reason for non-use. YEDI has embarked on Home Visits and Bed Net Demo – with the objective of making home owners appreciate the importance of LLIN and demonstrating to them how to properly hang it. 

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Although there are policies that recommend parasitological testing before treatment for malaria, presumptive treatment remains widespread in Nigeria. Many Nigerians obtain antimalarial drugs from formal and informal medicine shops at the instance of familiar symptoms. YEDI’s Skillz programming emphasizes testing before treatment as well as continued medication even when the symptoms are gone.

 

Published in commemoration of the 2017 World Malaria Day


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Established in 2011, Youth Empowerment and Development Initiative (YEDI) is a Nigerian NGO committed to introducing effective, innovative, and most times, tried-and-tested development approaches that are ready for adaptation in the Nigerian setting. Headquartered in Lagos, represented in Nigeria’s Capital City - Abuja and with operations in 2 additional States (Akwa Ibom and Ogun), YEDI focuses on educating, empowering and inspiring the development of individuals and communities especially children and youth.

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